Literature review – introduction
The previous chapter – background – explained the importance of this research. In this chapter, I will review published literature in an attempt to present the most important perspectives for implementation of QIE and IPL by professionals involved in perioperative teams, with special focus on technology-enhanced collaborative learning and cultural and contextual factors.
Implementation of interprofessional learning and quality improvement education is seen as an important part of the transformative changes the U.S. healthcare system is undergoing (IoM, 2010; Macy, 2013; WHO, 2010). Furthermore, as this chapter will show, IPL and QIE have a very intricate and vigorous interrelation. Therefore, the goal of this literature review is to present the current state of knowledge and how this research fits in that, reflect on strengths and limitations of available literature, identify major debates, and provide insight into relations between those elements.
In an attempt to see the forest as well as the trees, this review will use “the big picture approach.” The lines between learning, professional development and quality improvement activities were artificially created in the siloed, pre-Internet world. In our digital and networked world, those lines are becoming increasingly blurred (Price, Havens, & Bell, 2012). Therefore, the focus of this thesis will be primarily on how QIE and IPL interact and evolve in this very dynamic healthcare environment.
IoM. (2010). Institute of Medicine: Redesigning Continuing Education in the Health Professions (9780309140782). Retrieved from http://www.ama-assn.org/resources/doc/cme/iom-report-cme.pdf
Macy, Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation. (2013). Transforming Patient Care: Aligning Interprofessional Education with Clinical Practice Redesign. Paper presented at the Macy Conference on Transforming Patient Care: Aligning Interprofessional Education with Clinical Practice Redesign, January 2013.
Price, D., Havens, C., & Bell, M. J. (2012). Continuing Professional Development and Improvement to Meet Current and Future Continuing Medical Education Needs of Physicians In D. K. Wentz (Ed.), Continuing Medical Education: Looking Back, Planning Ahead (pp. 1-14). Hanover, NH, USA, and London: Dartmouth College Press.
WHO, World Health Organization. (2010). Framework for Action on Interprofessional Education and Collaborative Practice. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/hrh/resources/framework_action/en/